How Your Asset Protection Trust and FLP Work Together in Practice

Video Transcript

Today, we start the 30-day journey from barely any asset protection knowledge, at least that’s what I’m assuming, to knowing what you need to know to carry out a asset protection plan for yourself, a client or supervise some high level genius implementing a plan for you. This information will keep you from getting cheated and give you the tools to protect yourself if you’re in any of those positions.

You’re always better off being protected than being pushed away because you are unable or incapable of implementing an asset protection plan. It’s my hope that in within the next 30 days(or depending on your own pace) of this you have the skills and the tools to feel confident moving ahead in your life, sleeping well and knowing that you never ever have to be vulnerable to anybody again.

We’re not here to become your specific personal advisors. Most of us are willing to do that but that’s not what we’re doing here. We’re giving you solid asset protection information like you would get at Stanford University. Every single faculty member here wants to teach you the right stuff and give you the tools to really protect yourself or evaluate the protection you’re receiving.

This is a typical asset protection plan structure. Sorry that the diagram is so crude but I did it myself and it’s the best I can do. Maybe later I’ll hire designers but I did this myself. Here we have an asset protection trust. That’s this brown thing that’s really just a bucket. A trust is nothing more than a bucket. It’s a bucket into which you put assets and you give the assets to the trustee, in this case up here the foreign trust company, it’s this yellow box.

You give the assets to a foreign trust company subject to some rules which is set forth in the asset protection trust. It’s just as if I gave you a gold pin and said will you give this to my son Robbie when he graduates from UCLA, which he just did two year ago so I guess I’m out-of-date, UCLA Law School, in fact. But if you have that pin with an obligation to give it to my son when he graduates from law school, you become my trustee.

You’ve taken on this position of the yellow foreign trust company. This foreign trust company has a complete and total fiduciary duty to whom, two people: Over here, the settlor, see the settlor right here and over here the beneficiaries, the beneficiaries. The settlor is the person who makes the trust, who settles the trust. That’s why it’s called the settlor. A lot of people call the settlor a trust maker. The settlor is the only person in a typical asset protection trust that can’t be fired.

The settlor usually has a lot of power, normally the power to remove the trustee, the protector and the changed beneficiaries at any time. That’s why it’s called the grantor trust. And all of these issues are covered in great detail later in the next 30 days. By being a grantor trust, this is disregarded. It actually uses the settlor’s Social Security Number and in some cases it can even be a domestic trust if it’s structured correctly so that there’s no additional filing requirements at all except if you have an offshore bank account.

Whose involved in forming a trust?

Here are the players: Offshore, safe; asset protection trust, bucket, run by a foreign trust company, somebody you don’t know and the only problem with the structure is you’re forced to trust the foreign trust company not to steal from you. I refuse to do it even though there are very good ways now to prevent vulnerability to the foreign trust company and I will teach you those ways when we get into the forming or get into the funding of offshore bank accounts and the establishment of offshore bank accounts. But for right now just learn the above terms

Choosing a foreign trust company

You should always choose a foreign trust company that is affordable, should never cost more than $1,500 a year. Most charge closer to $3,000 but that’s crazy. You don’t need that. That’s a waste of money.

What does a Settlor do?

The next one is a settlor. That’s you in most cases. That’s the person that makes the trust. Really actually retains a lot of power during the person’s life to change the management of the trust.

What Does a Protector do?

Over here is a protector. In three or four lessons from now, we’ll talk about protectors but just to summarize it in, a protector has no power to steal from you but a protector has the power to say no. The protector is just the naysayer, the person that makes sure that your wishes are being taken care of and most asset protection trusts provide that the trustee, that’s the foreign trust company up here, can’t do anything without the written consent of the protector.

That’s usually a friend of yours although you’ll soon find out if you get in trouble your protector should be an offshore lawyer or somebody skilled in international litigation. In addition to you the settlor, the foreign trust company and the protector, the third player is the beneficiaries and as I mentioned, you retain the power to change beneficiaries at any time.

That makes the asset protection trust a basically invisible pass through entity, almost a disregarded entity. It is not a taxable entity. But you know what, for debtor/creditor purposes it’s treated as a separate person and it is not responsible for your debts. That’s a ridiculous arbitrage but it’s true. That’s one of the strengths of a good solid asset protection planning. Your trust is not obligated for your debts.

Typical way an Asset Protection Plan is structured

Now, this is a typical way you structure an asset protection plan. You’ll have your trust. This asset protection trust will have a number of entities under it. I didn’t draw them. But see down here, this should have a few more lines for offshore investments, another line for an LLC that might have an offshore bank account and in most banks now you can actually open a bank account in the name of your trust but not all of them so sometimes there’s entities under here.

There can be many entities and everything on the right-hand side of this page is safe from U.S. creditors, not absolutely safe but very close to being safe, safe as you can get, a whole lot safer than on the left-hand side of that line. Why? Because no country in the world automatically enforces U.S. judgments.

On the left-hand side this line over here, we have a vehicle and I always use a family-limited partnership. We have a vehicle that enables you to keep your assets or keep protected assets in the United States without subjecting your asset protection trust, this brown bucket, to lawsuits in the United States.

Why? Because if you structure this correctly, you’re asset protection trust will not have sufficient contacts with the United States to be brought into a lawsuit, to be subject to, even subject to service or process here.

We’ll talk about that later again but that’s an important issue. I love to have my asset protection trust own 99% or even 100% which you can do on Delaware, 99% is more typical and safer than the rest States.

The way to do it is have your asset protection trust own part of a partnership, a limited partnership. We call it a family limited partnership because it makes it fancier and more expensive but it’s still the same thing as a limited partnership.

This type of partnership allows the trust to be the 99% limited partner and under the terms of all the statutes, all of the rules that regulate partnerships in every single state, the limited partner has virtually no say so in the management of the partnership.

That’s why when the partnership gets involved in a lawsuit or commits a tort, the asset protection trust should ideally not be responsible, should not be a proper party in a lawsuit.

So, we use this partnership over here and we’re going to go through this word by word by reviewing partnership agreements. This partnership is not subject to – or the limited partners of this partnership should not be subject to suit because they have no power and it’s hard to be sued when you have no power to do something, that’s what the statutes require.

But look over here, see this little GP, general partner circle, the circles are human beings, this little circle here is normally the same person as a settlor. The settlor is normally also the general partner of the partnership. This keeps the settlor in charge of all the assets in the partnership, 100% of control is right here with this 1% owner. So, what’s the purpose of the partnership? To separate ownership from control. We’ll go over that in much more detail later.

If you put money into this partnership, it is no longer on your balance sheet. It is taken off of your balance sheet. It’s not available to your creditors because what’s the rule? Rule #1 What you don’t own can’t be taken from you.

Anything put into this blue partnership or this brown asset protection trust are off your balance sheet and no longer available to your creditors. The only thing different between assets sitting here in the family-limited partnership with an account say at Bank of America with a million dollars in it and the asset protection trust with an account at Credit Suisse with a million dollars in it is that with respect to the blue assets, the family-limited partnership assets, all you’re relying upon is the first rule what you don’t own can’t be taken from you.

When the assets hit the brown bucket, the second rule which is no country in the world automatically enforces you as judgment is triggered. And look who’s in control, at the partnership level, it’s this general partner right here. I’m circling, this general partner right here is in control.

At the trust level, right up here, the settlor, that’s you, controls the trust company or chooses the trust company but control is right here. This is the part I don’t like about this type of structure because the foreign trust company retains a significant control and there’s been some real bad cases of theft in the last 15 years. We’ll talk about them but Mark Harris is the most notable one. I think he got 19 or 20 million dollars of some of my colleagues money in the last couple of years. You can’t trust trust companies and since you never need to trust them, you should not.

So, this is a typical typical structure. I’m going to just pop up a typical kinetic plan structure. It’s very much the same. It’s very much the same. What’s the difference? Here it is. The difference is, see this second yellow circle, a typical kinetic asset protection trust has a U.S. co-trustee and I structure mine in most cases so that the U.S. co-trustee has power over this.

So, we’ve disenfranchised the foreign trust company. We’re basically just renting their jurisdiction. This keeps you from ever being vulnerable to the foreign trust company and I think you should always assume that foreign trust companies are crooks and you should never trust them with your money.

That’s why I always prefer the kinetic structure although it’s more complicated and can cause you a lot of headaches if you’re not fully aware of the issues and able to drive this 800-horsepower Ferrari I mentioned in my lesson yesterday. You know, this is a very powerful tool but you need to be aware of it. Now, that’s it for this part of the course. Download the book through the link below
Download Ebook ‘Asset Protection in a nutshell here’

Overview of Typical Family Limited Partnership

What is a Family Limited Partnership (FLP)?

Today, I’m going to take on family limited partnerships. I’m going to give you an introduction in five
minutes or less. You won’t learn anything too important but you should watch this first and I wanted to let you know that the methodology is I’m going to give you a brief overview.

I’m going to show you in later videos what a typical family limited partnership looks like and I’m going to be putting up with the help of Ryan Fowler and some other of the faculty the details of the relatively new law that is lending a little bit of hope that family limited partnerships and LLC’s are more useful than I normally think.

Okay, let’s start out. What are FLP’s?

Partnerships are creations of State law. They’re basically new entities with a full value of a human being, they’re just not living, created by the statutes of every State. I think people call them family limited partnerships because they let the lawyers charge more money.

They’re really just partnerships. They’re helpful though and why do we like them? We like them because in the old days particularly and still a little bit now they allowed you to take discounts on limited partnership interests for a lack of control.

That’s why the estate planners like them. I like them because they separate ownership from control very well. The ownership can be with a limited partner but control can be with the general and in the case of a partnership, the separation of ownership from control is statutory.

It’s in the actual code. It’s part of also a multi-decades long history that the limited partners have no say so.

Now, the reason why I think that’s important is if you make the limited partner your asset protection trust. You can have a situation where you can prove by the statute that you’re limited partner asset protection trust did not engage in any of the business decisions and therefore should not be subject to suit for any bad acts.

Limited partners should be relatively protected from lawsuits from people who claim they’ve been harmed by some tort. This is what I used them for. A lot of people used them for what’s called charging order protection. We’ll be discussing that in more detail. There’s an intro short video on it but basically it’s a language and a statute that limits a creditor’s rights to charging order protection.

All they can get is an order to get whatever is distributed if and when the general partner decides to distribute it.

But, because that’s been abused by everybody and their mother, it’s been limited by almost all the States and charging order protection hasn’t been that effective in most cases particularly with single member LLCs done for family protection.

I don’t use them except to separate ownership from control. I think that they’re very good for that and they also allow you to set up a trust – a family – with an asset protection trust being the limited partner of a family limited partnership.

It allows you to keep a majority of your funds safely in the United States without exposing the trust to in rem jurisdiction or really effective service or process in the United States.

You do that by putting all of your U.S. situs assets under the family limited partnership which essentially becomes a holding partnership. I’m going through this very quickly.

You’re going to get this in great detail in the videos that are part of this section.

How effective are Family Limited Partnerships?

I think they’re just as a start. I don’t think that it’s good practice to use partnerships and LLCs as a standalone asset protection plan. Why? Because almost every State and I really think it is now every State, allows your partnership interest to actually be taken over by a creditor.

The judges are sick and tired of being hosed and abused and disregarded and they’re sick and tired of people hiding behind charging order protection so they’ve allowed the creditors to simply step in, own the partnership interest, force dissolution and get the money.

It’s a good start because it can easily be incorporated into a more effective asset protection plan that actually takes the protected assets off of your balance sheet and prevents foreclosure or at least makes it very very difficult.

I’m going to urge you to take the time to watch the next video where I will show you what a partnership actually looks like and then if you really want to do it, look at it as a good start. When you see the videos about the new laws that are originating in several States particularly Florida, you may get emboldened. You may say I’m going to do this.

Well, I’ll tell you what, if you’ve only got a few bucks and you don’t have the time, energy or money to formulate a more effective asset protection using offshore trust then this is a darn good start and I urge you to do it. Well, I hope this is helpful to you and, you know, stick with the rest of the videos. You’ll get all this information fleshed out.